St. John of Dukla
Saint John of Dukla was a
Franciscan Conventual in 1440. He was a priest and a good preacher in
Ukraine, Moldavia and Belarus. Often a local superior, and once led the
Franciscan custody headquartered in Lvív, Ukraine. In 1463 he joined the
Observants (OFM) who observed their Rule very strictly. He reached a high
level of asceticism and was devoted to the Blessed Virgin Mary. Despite
blindness at age 70, he continued his ministry as a preacher and confessor
Mary Angela Truszkowska
His Holiness John Paul II
beatified Mother Mary Angela Truszkowska on April 18 at the Basilica of St.
Peter in Rome. She is the Foundress of the Felician Sisters is now known as
Blessed Mary Angela. She was a Franciscan Tertiary.
John XXIII, Pope
Young Father Roncalli returned to his diocese as secretary to Bishop Radini-Tedeschi and Professor of Church History and Apologetics at the Bergamo seminary. Somehow he found time to work for a diocesan organization of Catholic women and for a residence hall for students. World War I interrupted this busy life. Father Roncalli became Sergeant Roncalli of the medical corps and later Lieutenant Roncalli of the chaplains' corps.
When the guns fell silent, Roncalli returned to his old life, but not for long. Benedict XV called him to Rome to work for the important Congregation for the Propagation of the Faith. In 1925 Pius XI made him an archbishop and appointed him Apostolic Visitor to Bulgaria. Ten years later as Apostolic Delegate to Greece and Turkey, Roncalli moved on to Istanbul. There he spent most of World War II, and in that neutral city, so rife with suspicion and intrigue, Roncalli managed to get along with everybody. He did what he could to help the Greeks suffering from famine and occupation and to assure the Turks of his affection. These years in the Near East afforded him many contacts with members of the separated Eastern Churches, contacts which fanned the flame of his desire to heal the sad breach between so many Eastern Catholics and the See of Peter.
His success in Istanbul led Pius XII to send Roncalli as nuncio to France, a France seething with passions aroused by the disasters and heroisms of the war. Taking up his post in Paris early in 1945, Roncalli by delicate tact and warm sympathy managed to minimize difficulties between outraged Gaullists and nervous Vichyites, a task to appall the suavest of diplomats. He also displayed his grasp of the need for international understanding by his friendly attitude as unofficial observer at UNESCO. His ability to make friends and win respect for the Church was shown in a striking way in 1953 when Pius XII made him a cardinal. He received the red hat from his good friend President Auriol, a socialist.
Shortly after, Cardinal Roncalli was made Patriarch of Venice. He proved himself to be a people's patriarch, always accessible. Vigorous yet kindly, he led his flock in the path of Christian virtue.
Such was the man the cardinals
elected Pope on October 28, 1958. John XXIII, as he chose to be called, soon
showed himself to be an energetic man with far-reaching plans. On January
25, 1959, he announced plans for a general or ecumenical council which would
be called the Second Vatican Council. He opened it on October ll, 1962. By
then he knew of his own fatal illness. His death on June 3, 1963, followed a
long agony. It evoked an astonishing wave of sympathy from all quarters
which was a response to his exceptionally warm and outgoing personality.
Various sources, incl. Vatican
|Oct 20 - Blessed Contardo Ferrini||
Oct 20 - Blessed Contardo Ferrini 1859-1902
The city of Milan was abounded in men of learning and virtue. Our present age has revealed a new star there, which is destined to show an amazed modern generation that profound learning and humble faith can well go hand in hand.
Contardo Ferrini was born of a distinguished family on April 4, 1859. When he was still a student in high school and college he encouraged his companions to lead good lives and exercised a kind of lay apostolate among them. After winning his doctorate in law, he obtained a government scholarship to study abroad. He went to Berlin, where he studied Roman-Byzantine law, a field in which he achieved international fame. In the capital of the German empire prejudices against Catholics did not keep Professor Ferrini from publicly professing his faith. On returning to Italy, he taught in various higher institutions of learning and eventually at the University of Paris.
It must be stressed here that Ferrini's life was practically an unbroken elevation of his soul to God. His keen intellectual ways penetrated to the Last Principle of all things. "Our life," he said, "must reach out towards the Infinite, and from that source we must draw whatever we can expect of merit and dignity."
Every day he approached the Holy Table. He made a short meditation daily, and also read from Thomas a Kempis. His favorite books were those of the Bible. The better to savor the spirit of their contents, he read them in the original languages, of which he had a perfect command. Like another Joseph of Egypt, he preserved his purity unsullied amid the dangers of big city life. He practiced many and varied mortifications to arm himself against harm.
In 1886 he joined the Third Order of St. Francis, and for the rest of his life he faithfully observed its rule. He also enrolled himself in the St, Vincent de Paul Society. In his speeches and writings as well as in his conduct, he made it a point to show that faith and science are not only opposed to each other, but that faith is rather a shield to protect us from error and guide us to true heights.
In 1900 Contardo Ferrini was afflicted with a heart lesion in consequence of excessive labor. In the autumn of 1902, feeling the need of rest, he repaired to his country house at Suna. There, however, he was stricken with typhus. Due to his weakened condition, he was unable to resist the malignant fever, and died on October 17, 1902, at the age of 43.
The high esteem in which the deceased was held, now became evident. Letters of condolence from the professors of the university praised him as a saint. The people of Suna promptly expressed a desire to see him numbered among the saints. The demand for his beatification grew more insistent with time, and there was universal rejoicing when in 1909 Pope St. Pius X appointed Cardinal Ferrari to begin the process. Pope Pius XI conferred on him the title Venerable in 1931; and Pope Pius XII beatified him in 1947.
ON THE HOLY SCRIPTURES 1. Holy Writ is not the only source of faith. It is incomplete for one thing, for St. John says: "There are also many other things which Jesus did" (John 21:25). Then, too, the prophecies about the kingdom of heaven which Christ gave His apostles before His ascension, are not recorded. And from the Epistles of St. Paul (1 Cor 5:9 & Col 4:16) we learn that part of the Scriptures have even been lost. Although Contardo Ferrini entertained great love for the Scriptures, he did not regard them as the only authority in matters of faith, but paid equal respect to the teachings of Holy Church. -- Scripture and the appointment to teach go hand in hand.
2. Holy Writ most not be our only source of faith. Christ did not say, "Distribute Bibles!" But He did say, "Teach all nations!" (Matt 28:19). Holy Writ itself ought to assure us that it is the only source of our faith if that were the case; but nowhere can we find a statement to that effect. Neither is the meaning of Holy Writ plain to all who read it. Nowhere do we find it stated just what belongs to holy Writ; our separated brethren have learned that from the teachers of the Catholic Church. -- Let nothing and nobody keep you from heeding the teachings of the Catholic Church.
3. At no time was Holy Scripture used as the only source of faith. Certainly not in the beginning of Christianity; for then the Gospels and Epistles had not yet been written and distributed. Nor at any later time; for even Protestantism has not held the Bible to be the only rule, since the observance of Sunday, the baptism of infants, and may other practices are not mentioned in the Bible. Should non-Catholics reproach you for neglecting the Bible, let your answer be: Holy Scriptures tells us nowhere that we should read the word of God, but it does tell us to hear the word of God. From Sunday to Sunday, the Catholic Church gives us the explanation of the Scriptures. Intelligent and leading Protestants themselves complain of the mischief done by the so-called free interpretation of the Bible. As far as reading the Bible is concerned, good Catholic read and pray it often in the prayers of the liturgy, especially the missal and the divine office. And the Church has granted an indulgence to the faithful who spend at least a quarter of an hour in reading Holy Scripture with the great reverence due to the word of God and after the manner of spiritual reading.
PRAYER OF THE CHURCH
May the faithful, O Lord, be strengthened by Thy graces, that having received them, they may yearn for still more and through this yearning receive them anew in greater measure. Through Christ our Lord. Amen.
Source: PaxetBonum.net (with permission)
Blessed Angelo was born at
Acri, Italy, he was refused admission to the Capuchins twice but was
accepted on his third attempt in 1690, and was ordained. Unsuccessful in his
first sermons, he eventually became a famous preacher after a tremendous
success preaching in Naples during Lent in 1711. For the rest of his life,
he preached missions in Calabria and Naples, converting thousands and
performing many miracles of healing. He was reputed to have had the gifts of
prophecy and bilocation, experienced visions and ecstasies and was a sought
after confessor with the ability to see into men's souls. He died in the
friary at Acri on October 30, and was beatified in 1825. (Source: Catholic