Nicholas was the son of a noble and wealthy family of Dalmatia. His
illustrious parents gave him a good education, and his progress in learning
was marvelous. But no less marvelous was his progress in virtue.
When Nicholas finished his studies, a bright future
smiled upon him. Everything the world could give was at his command and
awaited his pleasure. However, he resolved to quit the world and enter the
Order of St. Francis. In spite of the great obstacles and the stubborn
opposition he met, he received the humble habit of St. Francis and made his
novitiate with the simplicity and docility of a child.
Manual labor, study, power, and mortification were
his delight and chief employment. After he was ordained a priest, his fervor
in saying Mass caused edification and all were impressed by his
Due to his great learning and piety, he was sent as
a missionary to Bosnia, a most difficult field of labor. Undaunted, Nicholas
labored with ardent zeal among the heretics. refuting their false doctrines,
repaying insult with blessing, visiting the sick, comforting the afflicted. He
gained innumerable souls for Christ by his extreme kindness and
Many esteemed him another Christ, while others
persecuted him with relentless hatred. At heart he loved the latter more, for
he desired martyrdom and thought they might procure for him the coveted crown.
This thought gave him tremendous supernatural strength. It increased his
charity and zeal, his spirit of prayer, meditation and penance. But, after 12
years of tireless labor in Bosnia, all opposition died down, and Nicholas was
convinced he must seek martyrdom elsewhere.
He now asked for permission to go to the Holy Land,
where so many of his brethren had already attained the martyr's crown. The
permission was granted to him, and he was sent to Jerusalem. Once more he led
a hidden life of prayer, penance, and study, but more than ever he yearned to
die the death of a martyr, desiring, like Christ, to be an oblation of love
for the salvation of others.
On November 11, 1391, he entered the Turkish mosque
and with the zeal of a Saint Paul preached to a vast assembly there. He
pleaded with tact and eloquence that Christ and His religion be accepted by
the Turks in their hearts and homes. Before he had finished, he was
apprehended and taken to the magistrates.
Questioned as to his faith, Nicholas joyfully
professed his belief in the one true Church of Christ, defending it against
every objection. This incensed the court to such an extent that he was knocked
to the ground and attacked with great fury. Beaten almost to death, he was
dragged into a dungeon, chained hand and foot, and kept for three days without
food or drink.
On the fourth day he was taken out into the street,
where he died the glorious death of a martyr, slashed to pieces with
scimitars. God glorified His martyr by miracles, and Pope Leo XIII solemnly
confirmed the veneration paid to him from time immemorial.
ON ETERNAL GOODS
1. Eternal goods should be
treasured above all things. Reflecting on the permanence of heavenly goods,
Blessed Nicholas left everything the world offered him and became a poor
Franciscan. He followed the admonition of our Lord: "Lay not up to yourselves
treasures on earth, where the rust and the moth consume, and where thieves
break through and steal. But lay up to yourselves treasures in heaven, where
neither the rust nor the moth consume, and where thieves do not break through
nor steal" (Matt 6:19-20). -- Which treasures do you seek to acquire?
Eternal goods are not properly evaluated. Most people are bent on acquiring
temporal goods, money, possessions, distinctions, honor, and pleasure. They
put themselves to much trouble by day and by night to acquire them. How many
there are who ignore the goods of eternity for the sake of some temporal
benefit, a momentary pleasure! The words of our Lord are directed to them: "I
have sworn in My wrath! They shall not enter into My rest" (Heb 3:11). --
Which goods are you trying to acquire?
3. Temporal goods are quite
worthless. They are transient and cannot satisfy the heart of man. Solomon
reveled in worldly luxury, and in the end he was forced to admit: "I was weary
of my life when I saw that all things under the sun are evil, and all vanity
and vexation of spirit" (Eccl 2:17). -- Do you permit yourself to be dazzled
by the things of this world?
PRAYER OF THE CHURCH
O God, who didst glorify
Thy confessor Blessed Nicholas by spreading the Gospel and by the palm of
martyrdom, grant in answer to our prayer, that we may merit to walk in his
footsteps and through his intercession deserve to receive the victor's reward
of eternal life. Through Christ our Lord. Amen.
The Franciscan Book
of Saints, ed. by
Marion Habig, ofm., © 1959 Franciscan Herald